Emotional Intelligence and Leadership
UPDATED APRIL 2015

Ahmetoglu, G., Leutner, F., & Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2011). EQ-nomics: Understanding the relationship between individual differences in trait emotional intelligence and entrepreneurship. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(8), 1028-1033. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2011.08.016

Antonakis, J., Ashkanasy, N. M., & Dasborough, M. T. (2009). Does leadership need emotional intelligence? The Leadership Quarterly, 20(2), 247-261. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.01.006

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Bratton, V. K., Dodd, N. G., & Brown, F. (2011). The impact of emotional intelligence on accuracy of self-awareness and leadership performance. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(2), 127-149.

Brotheridge, C. M., & Lee, R. T. (2008). The emotions of managing: An introduction to the special issue. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(2), 108-117.

Camuffo, A., Gerli, F., & Gubitta, P. (2012). Competencies matter: Modeling effective entrepreneurship in Northeast of Italy small firms. Cross Cultural Management, 19(1), 48-66. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13527601211195628

Castro, F., Gomes, J., & de Sousa, F. C. (2012). Do intelligent leaders make a difference? The effect of a leader's emotional intelligence on followers' creativity. Creativity and Innovation Management, 21(2), 171-182. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2012.00636.x

Cavazotte, F., Moreno, V., & Hickmann, M. (2012). Effects of leader intelligence, personality and emotional intelligence on transformational leadership and managerial performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 23(3), 443-455. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2011.10.003

Chan, K.-Y., Uy, M. A., Chernyshenko, O. S., Ho, M.-H. R., & Sam, Y.-L. (2015). Personality and entrepreneurial, professional and leadership motivations. Personality and Individual Differences, 77, 161-166.

Chrusciel, D. (2008). What motivates the significant/strategic change champion(s)? Journal of Organizational Change Management, 21(2), 148-160. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09534810810856408

Clarke, N. (2010). Emotional intelligence and its relationship to transformational leadership and key project manager competences. [Article]. Project Management Journal, 41(2), 5-20. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmj.20162

Cote, S., Lopes, P. N., Salovey, P., & Miners, C. T. (2010). Emotional intelligence and leadership emergence in small groups. The Leadership Quarterly, 21(3), 496-508. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2010.03.012

Cross, B., & Travaglione, A. (2003). The Untold Story: Is the Entrepreneur of the 21st Century Defined by Emotional Intelligence? The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 11(3), 221-228. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/eb028973

Dasborough, M. T. (2006). Cognitive asymmetry in employee emotional reactions to leadership behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(2), 163-178. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.12.004

Downey, L., Papageorgiou, V., & Stough, C. (2006). Examining the relationship between leadership, emotional intelligence and intuition in senior female managers. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 27(4), 250-264. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437730610666019

Drodge, E. N., & Murphy, S. A. (2002). Interrogating Emotions in Police Leadership. Human Resource Development Review, 1(4), 420-438. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534484302238435

Fambrough, M. J., & Hart, R. K. (2008). Emotions in leadership development: A critique of emotional intelligence. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(5), 740-758. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1523422308323542

Gardner, L., & Stough, C. (2002). Examining the relationship between leadership and emotional intelligence in senior level managers. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 23(2), 68-78. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437730210419198

Gardner, W. L., Fischer, D., & Hunt, J. G. (2009). Emotional labor and leadership: A threat to authenticity? The Leadership Quarterly, 20(3), 466-482. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.03.011

George, J. M. (2000). Emotions and leadership: The role of emotional intelligence. Human Relations, 53(8), 1027-1055. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018726700538001

Goleman, D. (2000). Leadership that gets results. Harvard Business Review, 78(2), 78-90.

Goleman, D. (2004). What Makes a Leader? [Article]. Harvard Business Review, 82(1), 82-91.

Goleman, D., & Boyatzis, R. (2008). Social Intelligence and the Biology of Leadership. [Article]. Harvard Business Review, 86(9), 74-81.

Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A. (2001). Primal Leadership: The Hidden Driver of Great Performance. [Article]. Harvard Business Review, 79(11), 42-51.

Gooty, J., Connelly, S., Griffith, J., & Gupta, A. (2010). Leadership, affect and emotions: A state of the science review. The Leadership Quarterly, 21(6), 979-1004. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2010.10.005

Harrison, J. K., & Clough, M. W. (2006). Characteristics of “state of the art” leaders: Productive narcissism versus emotional intelligence and Level 5 capabilities. [Article]. Social Science Journal, 43(2), 287-292. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soscij.2006.02.007

Hawkins, J., & Dulewicz, V. (2009). Relationships between Leadership Style, the Degree of Change Experienced, Performance and Follower Commitment in Policing. [Article]. Journal of Change Management, 9(3), 251-270. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14697010903125498

Higgs, M., & Aitken, P. (2003). An exploration of the relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership potential. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 18(8), 814-823. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02683940310511890

Hong, Y., Catano, V. M., & Liao, H. (2011). Leader emergence: The role of emotional intelligence and motivation to lead. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(4), 320-343.

Hopkins, M. M., O'Neil, D. A., & Williams, H. W. (2007). Emotional intelligence and board governance: Leadership lessons from the public sector. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22(7), 683-700. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02683940710820109

Huang, X., Chan, S. C., Lam, W., & Nan, X. (2010). The joint effect of leader-member exchange and emotional intelligence on burnout and work performance in call centers in china. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(7), 1124-1144. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585191003783553

Humphrey, R. H. (2002). The many faces of emotional leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 13(5), 493-504. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843%2802%2900140-6

Humphrey, R. H., Pollack, J. M., & Hawver, T. (2008). Leading with emotional labor. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(2), 151-168.

Humphreys, J. H., Weyant, L. E., & Sprague, R. D. (2003). Organizational Commitment: The Roles of Emotional and Practical Intellect within the Leader/Follower Dyad. [Article]. Journal of Business & Management, 9(2), 189.

Hur, Y., van den Berg, P. T., & Wilderom, C. P. (2011). Transformational leadership as a mediator between emotional intelligence and team outcomes. The Leadership Quarterly, 22(4), 591-603.

Jacobs, R. L., & McClelland, D. C. (1994). Moving up the corporate ladder: A longitudinal study of the leadership motive pattern and managerial success in women and men. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 46(1), 32-41. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1061-4087.46.1.32

Jordan, P. J., & Troth, A. (2011). Emotional intelligence and leader member exchange: The relationship with employee turnover intentions and job satisfaction. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(3), 260-280. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437731111123915

Kafetsios, K., Nezlek, J. B., & Vassiou, A. (2011). A multilevel analysis of relationships between leaders' and subordinates' emotional intelligence and emotional outcomes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(5), 1121-1144. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00750.x

Kellett, J. B., Humphrey, R. H., & Sleeth, R. G. (2006). Empathy and the emergence of task and relations leaders. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(2), 146-162. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.12.003

Kerr, R., Garvin, J., Heaton, N., & Boyle, E. (2006). Emotional intelligence and leadership effectiveness. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 27(4), 265-279. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437730610666028

Klem, C., & Schlechter, A. F. (2008). The relationship between leader emotional intelligence and psychological climate: An exploratory study. [Article]. South African Journal of Business Management, 39(2), 9-23.

Koman, E. S., & Wolff, S. B. (2008). Emotional intelligence competencies in the team and team leader: A multi-level examination of the impact of emotional intelligence on team performance. Journal of Management Development, 27(1), 55-75. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02621710810840767

Lam, C. S., & O'Higgins, E. R. (2012). Enhancing employee outcomes: The interrelated influences of managers' emotional intelligence and leadership style. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 33(2), 149-174. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437731211203465

Larin, H. M., Benson, G., Martin, L., Wessel, J., Williams, R., & Ploeg, J. (2011). Examining change in emotional-social intelligence, caring, and leadership in health professions students. Journal of Allied Health, 40(2), 96-102.

Lindebaum, D., & Cartwright, S. (2011). Leadership effectiveness: The costs and benefits of being emotionally intelligent. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(3), 281-290. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437731111123924

Lucas, V., Laschinger, H. K., & Wong, C. A. (2008). The impact of emotional intelligent leadership on staff nurse empowerment: The moderating effect of span of control. Journal of Nursing Management, 16(8), 964-973. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00856.x

Mandell, B., & Pherwani, S. (2003). Relationship between emotional leadership style: A gender comparison. Journal of Business and Psychology, 17(3), 387-404. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022816409059

McCleskey, J. (2014). Emotional intelligence and leadership: A review of the progress, controversy, and criticism. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 22(1), 76-93. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-03-2012-0568

Momeni, N. (2009). The Relation Between Managers' emotional intelligence and the organizational climate they create. Public Personnel Management, 38(2), 35-48.

Mortan, R. A., Ripoll, P., Carvalho, C., & Bernal, M. (2014). Effects of emotional intelligence on entrepreneurial intention and self-efficacy. Revista de Psicologia del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 30(3), 97-104.

Moss, S., Ritossa, D., & Ngu, S. (2006). The effect of follower regulatory focus and extraversion on leadership behavior: The role of emotional intelligence. Journal of Individual Differences, 27(2), 93-107. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001.27.2.93

Palmer, B., Walls, M., Burgess, Z., & Stough, C. (2001). Emotional intelligence and effective leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 22(1), 5-10. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437730110380174

Rahim, M., & Psenicka, C. (2005). Relationship between emotional intelligence and effectiveness of leader role: A dyadic study in four countries. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 13(4), 327-342. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/eb029010

Rajah, R., Song, Z., & Arvey, R. D. (2011). Emotionality and leadership: Taking stock of the past decade of research. The Leadership Quarterly, 22(6), 1107-1119. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2011.09.006

Ramo, L. G., Saris, W. E., & Boyatzis, R. E. (2009). The impact of social and emotional competencies on effectiveness of Spanish executives. Journal of Management Development, 28(9), 771-793. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02621710910987656

Rego, A., Sousa, F., Pina e Cunha, M., Correia, A., & Saur-Amaral, I. (2007). Leader Self-Reported Emotional Intelligence and Perceived Employee Creativity: An Exploratory Study. [Article]. Creativity & Innovation Management, 16(3), 250-264. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2007.00435.x

Riggio, R. E., & Reichard, R. J. (2008). The emotional and social intelligences of effective leadership: An emotional and social skill approach. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(2), 169-185.

Rosete, D., & Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Emotional intelligence and its relationship to workplace performance outcomes of leadership effectiveness. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 26(5), 388-399. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437730510607871

Rubin, R. S., Munz, D. C., & Bommer, W. H. (2005). Leading from within: The effects of emotion recognition and personality on transformational leadership behavior. [Article]. Academy of Management Journal, 48(5), 845-858. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2005.18803926

Ryan, G., Emmerling, R. J., & Spencer, L. M. (2009). Distinguishing high-performing European executives: The role of emotional, social and cognitive competencies. Journal of Management Development, 28(9), 859-875. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02621710910987692

Sadri, G. (2012). Emotional intelligence and leadership development. Public Personnel Management, 41(3), 535-548. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/009102601204100308

Sanchez-Burks, J., & Huy, Q. N. (2009). Emotional Aperture and Strategic Change: The Accurate Recognition of Collective Emotions. [Article]. Organization Science, 20(1), 22-34.

Schlaerth, A., Ensari, N., & Christian, J. (2013). A meta-analytical review of the relationship between emotional intelligence and leaders' constructive conflict management. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 16(1), 126-136. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430212439907

Sears, G. J., & Holmvall, C. M. (2010). The joint influence of supervisor and subordinate emotional intelligence on leader-member exchange. Journal of Business and Psychology, 25(4), 593-605. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10869-009-9152-y

Severinsson, E. (2010). Guest editorial: The role of reflective leadership, supervision as well as emotional intelligence in nursing and midwifery. [Editorial]. Journal of Nursing Management, 18(4), 351-354.

Siegling, A., Nielsen, C., & Petrides, K. (2014). Trait emotional intelligence and leadership in a European multinational company. Personality and Individual Differences, 65, 65-68. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.049

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Sivanathan, N., & Fekken, G. (2002). Emotional intelligence, moral reasoning and transformational leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 23(4), 198-204. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437730210429061

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Stein, S. J., Papadogiannis, P., Yip, J. A., & Sitarenios, G. (2009). Emotional intelligence of leaders: A profile of top executives. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 30(1), 87-101. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437730910927115

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Wu, W., Liu, Y., Song, L. J., & Liu, J. (2006). Effects of organizational leadership on employee commitment: The moderating role of emotional intelligence. Journal of Psychology in Chinese Societies, 7(2), 283-306.

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Zampetakis, L. A., & Moustakis, V. (2011). Managers' trait emotional intelligence and group outcomes: The case of group job satisfaction. Small Group Research, 42(1), 77-102. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1046496410373627

Zhou, J., & George, J. M. (2003). Awakening employee creativity: The role of leader emotional intelligence. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(4-5), 545-568. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843%2803%2900051-1

 

 

 

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